Polish sausages rubberstamped by EU 18.04.2011 13:51
Two types of Polish sausage have made it onto the European Union’s list of regional products.
The two sausages, named ‘mysliwska’ and ‘jalowcowa’, will now carry the EU logo and are ‘Traditional Specialty Guaranteed’. Out of over a thousand regional products on the EU’s books, only 26, including the sausages, are of Polish origin.
In the European Commission documents on the products, we can read that “the product’s specific character as expressed in the name is reflected in its etymological derivation from the words ‘myśliwy’ (hunter) and ‘myślistwo’ (hunting), and indicates its original purpose: smoked-meat products of this type were originally used by hunters as dry provisions.”
Meanwhile, “the name ‘kiełbasa jałowcowa’ expresses the specific character of the product, which is linked above all to its exceptional taste and aroma. These features reflect the use in the production process of juniper berries, which are finely chopped just before they are added to the meat, and the use of juniper branches during the smoking process.”
Brussels has been handing out such guarantees on geographic origin and traditional specialties for 19 years. So far, Italy has the highest number of regional products, with 230 different kinds of cheeses, sausages, and other products.
The first Polish product to be awarded such status was the so-called Bryndza podhalanska cheese four years ago. (jb)
Obwarzanki Krakowskie: Ring o' Krakowian Doughy Joy The obwarzanek (Krakow-specific pretzel-y bagel-y ring of dough) is a 600 + year tradition in the city. They can be plain, with poppy seeds, salt or with sesame seeds. We pretty much always order them z makiem (with poppy). Like everyone else, we love 'em. What's not to love? Soft dough, cheap price, convienient availability... A centuries-old Krakow tradition, they are now a protected food under the EU. As of 30 October 2010, an obwarzanek has had to be baked according to the procedures laid down in its regional product description in order to legally be called an obwarzanek. One of these strictures requires obwarzanki to be prepared by hand. Uncontested as a quick snack for hungry citizens, and a favorite among tourists, the one-zloty thirty (1,30 zl = $0.40) bread roll is sold on nearly every street corner in central Krakow. When the obwarzanek was granted the protection of geographical status by the European Union last year, it joined other world-famous products such as champagne, Parma ham and Roquefort cheese.
According to the text of the protection certificate, an authentic obwarzanek should range from light golden through dark golden to light brown and have a “distinct sheen.” The weight of an obwarzanek should not be less than 80 grams and not more than 120 grams, the visible strands of the spiral on the crust should be “firmish” and the crumbs inside “pale, soft and slightly moist.” Furthermore, a real obwarzanek can only be produced within the borders of the metropolitan area of Krakow and neighbouring Wieliczka.
The long and well-documented history of the obwarzanek is one of the main arguments for its protection in EU law. The first reference to something reminiscent of the modern snack dates back to the 14th century when a Polish court document listed the circular bread as costing one grosz. In 1496, the obwarzanek was first referred to by name when King Jan Olbracht granted the “obwarzanek krakowski” special rights to be sold within the city’s walls. Five centuries and a 100-times price hike later, it was this ancient right, among other factors, that prompted the idea that the Cracovian pretzel should be designated as a protected baked good when Poland joined the EU in 2004.
Kazimierz Czekaj, Krakow baker and city councillor, is one of the most strenuous defenders of the obwarzanek’s protected status. He is eager to stress the importance of the obwarzanek as a symbol of the city. “Expressed simply, the obwarzanek represents tradition and the unique history of Krakow,” said Mr Czekaj.
An EU sign awarded to local products of exceptional quality. The names of products refer to their place of production and highlight their connection to that particular location.
All resources needed for these products stem from a specific geographical area. All production stages also take place in that area.
So far 9 products have received the PDO sign in Poland:
- bryndza podhalańska (cheese from the Podhale region)
- Piękny Jaś beans from the Dunajec Valley
- wrzawska beans
- zatorski carp
- mead from the Sejny/Łoździeje region/Seinų/Lazdijų krašto medus
- oscypek cheese
- honeydew honey from the Podkarpacie region
- redykołka cheese (smaller version of oscypek)
- nadwiślanka cherries
Protected Geographical Indication (PGI)
Chronione Oznaczenie GeograficzneAn EU sign awarded to local products of exceptional quality. The names of products refer to their place of production and highlight their connection to that particular location.
The PGI sign means that at least one production stage has taken place in the area referred to by the product’s name.
So far 18 products have received the PGI sign in Poland.
- andruty kaliskie (wafers from the Kalisz region)
- chleb prądnicki (bread baked on the Prądnik river)
- fasola korczyńska (beans from Korczyn)
- jabłka grójeckie (apples from Grójec)
- jabłka łąckie (apples from Łącko)
- jagnięcina podhalańska (lamb from the Podhale region)
- kiełbasa lisiecka (sausage from the Liszki commune)
- kołocz śląski/kołacz śląski (cake from the Upper Silesia region)
- miód darimski (mead from the West Pomerania region)
- miód krupiowski (mead from the Kurpiowszczyzna region)
- miód wrzosowy z Borów Dolnośląskich (heather honey from the Lower Silesian Wilderness)
- obwarzanek krakowski (bagel from Krakow)
- rogal świętomarciński (croissant from Poznan)
- ser koryciński swojski (cheese from the Korycin commune)
- suska sechlońska (prunes from Lesser Poland)
- śliwka szydłowska (prunes from the Szydłów commune)
- truskawka kaszubska/kaszëbskô malëna (strawberry from the Kashubia region)
- wielkopolski ser smażony (fried cheese from the Greater Poland region)
Traditional Speciality Guaranteed TSG
Gwarantowana Tradycyjna SpecjalnośćAn EU quality sign awarded to products with traditional names that describe their special features or are customarily used for such products.
Products labelled with the TSG sign should be produced from traditional resources, according to traditional recipes passed down through generations, or using traditional methods.
So far 9 products have received the TSG sign in Poland.