Transfer of population in and to Breslau Jul 6, 2011 5:57:23 GMT 1
Post by Bonobo on Jul 6, 2011 5:57:23 GMT 1
They are just a sympathetic pair I met on Swietego Antoniego Street, and had a chat with. They are both Wroclavians. The lady on the left hand side however was born in Lwow and does remember that city very well. The lady on the right hand side was born on a train from prewar Eastern Poland to Wroclaw, her family came from a small village near Stryj, presently on Ukraine.
The flight and expulsion of Poles refers to forced migration of Poles from the former eastern territories of Poland towards the end and in the aftermath of World War II. More specifically it targeted over a million of inhabitants of Kresy, the Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union to the Ukrainian SSR, Belarusian SSR and Lithuanian SSR. The displacement of Polish nationals was agreed to by the allied leaders of the US, UK, and the USSR during the conferences at Tehran and Yalta. In effect, it became one of the largest of several post-war expulsions in Central and Eastern Europe which displaced a total of about twenty million people. According to official data during the state-controlled expulsion between 1945 and 1946 roughly 1,167,000 Poles were allowed to leave the westernmost republics of the Soviet Union, less than 50% of those who registered for population transfer. 
The process is variously known as expulsion, deportation, depatriation, or repatriation depending on the context. The latter term, while used officially in both communist-controlled Poland and the USSR, might be misleading,  as in most cases the people to leave the area were leaving their homeland rather than returning to it. It is also sometimes referred to as the first repatriation, in contrast with the the second repatriation in the years 1955–1959. In a wider context, it is sometimes described as a culmination of a process of "de-Polonization" of the areas during and after the world war.  The process was planned and carried out by the communist regimes of the USSR and that of post-war Poland. Many of the repatriated Poles were settled in formerly German eastern provinces, after 1945, the so-called "Recovered Territories" of the People's Republic of Poland.