69th anniversary of the Nazi `Sonderaktion Krakau' Polish Radio 06.11.2008
November 6th marks the 69th anniversary of the infamous `Sonderaktion Krakau'.
On this day, back in 1939 at the start of the Nazi wartime occupation, the Gestapo arrested the staff of two major Krakow academic schools – the prestigious Jagiellonian University and the Academy of Mining and Metallurgy.
183 professors had been gathered under the pretext of organizing a seminar by the German authorities to present their program for the scientific community. The lecturers were then rounded up and sent to concentration camps in Sachsenhausen and Dachau.
Only after a strong protest of world public opinion and interventions by the Catholic Church had the Nazis released 101 of the scholars who were over 40 years of age. The remaining professors perished in the death camps.
`Sonderaktion Krakau' was part of a broad Nazi German scheme to liquidate Polish intellectual elites.